An office action that includes one or more substantive reasons for refusal. Common reasons for refusal include:
- likelihood of confusion,
- primarily merely descriptive or deceptively misdescriptive of the goods/services,
- primarily geographically descriptive or geographically deceptive,
- primarily merely a surname, or
- mere ornamentation.
With the Yaymark trademark registration complete package, responses to substantive office actions are included. For other trademark applications, the cost to respond to an office action depends on the type, complexity, and quantity of refusals.