Advertising and business

Class 35 for services under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes advertising; business management; business administration; office functions.

Explanatory Note

Class 35 includes mainly services rendered by persons or organizations principally with the object of: (1) help in the working or management of a commercial undertaking, or (2) help in the management of the business affairs or commercial functions of an industrial or commercial enterprise, as well as services rendered by advertising establishments primarily undertaking communications to the public, declarations or announcements by all means of diffusion and concerning all kinds of goods or services.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • the bringing together, for the benefit of others, of a variety of goods (excluding the transport thereof), enabling customers to conveniently view and purchase those goods; such services may be provided by retail stores, wholesale outlets, through vending machines, mail order catalogues or by means of electronic media, for example, through web sites or television shopping programmes;
  • services consisting of the registration, transcription, composition, compilation or systematization of written communications and registrations, and also the compilation of mathematical or statistical data;
  • services of advertising agencies and services such as the distribution of prospectuses, directly or through the post, or the distribution of samples. This Class may refer to advertising in connection with other services, such as those concerning bank loans or advertising by radio.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • services such as evaluations and reports of engineers which do not directly refer to the working or management of affairs in a commercial or industrial enterprise.

Building construction and repair

Class 37 for services under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes building construction; repair; installation services.

Explanatory Note

Class 37 includes mainly services rendered by contractors or subcontractors in the construction or making of permanent buildings, as well as services rendered by persons or organizations engaged in the restoration of objects to their original condition or in their preservation without altering their physical or chemical properties.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services relating to the construction of buildings, roads, bridges, dams or transmission lines and services of undertakings specializing in the field of construction such as those of painters, plumbers, heating installers or roofers;
  • services auxiliary to construction services like inspections of construction plans;
  • services of shipbuilding;
  • services consisting of hiring of tools or building materials;
  • repair services, i.e., services which undertake to put any object into good condition after wear, damage, deterioration or partial destruction (restoration of an existing building or another object that has become imperfect and is to be restored to its original condition);
  • various repair services such as those in the fields of electricity, furniture, instruments, tools, etc.;
  • services of maintenance for preserving an object in its original condition without changing any of its properties (for the difference between this Class and Class 40 see the Explanatory Note of Class 40).

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • services consisting of storage of goods such as clothes or vehicles (Cl. 39);
  • services connected with dyeing of cloth or clothes (Cl. 40).

Chemicals

Class 1 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes chemicals for use in industry, science and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; fire extinguishing and fire prevention compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; substances for tanning animal skins and hides; adhesives for use in industry; putties and other paste fillers; compost, manures, fertilizers; biological preparations for use in industry and science.

Explanatory Note

Class 1 includes mainly chemical products for use in industry, science and agriculture, including those which go to the making of products belonging to other classes.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • sensitized paper;
  • tyre repairing compositions;
  • salt for preserving, other than for foodstuffs;
  • certain additives for use in the food industry, for example, pectin, lecithin, enzymes and chemical preservatives;
  • certain ingredients for use in the manufacture of cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, for example, vitamins, preservatives and antioxidants;
  • certain filtering materials, for example, mineral substances, vegetable substances and ceramic materials in particulate form.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • raw natural resins (Cl. 2), semi-processed resins (Cl. 17);
  • chemical preparations for medical or veterinary purposes (Cl. 5);
  • fungicides, herbicides and preparations for destroying vermin (Cl. 5);
  • adhesives for stationery or household purposes (Cl. 16);
  • salt for preserving foodstuffs (Cl. 30);
  • straw mulch (Cl. 31).

Computer and scientific

Class 42 for services under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.

Explanatory Note

Class 42 includes mainly services provided by persons, individually or collectively, in relation to the theoretical and practical aspects of complex fields of activities; such services are provided by members of professions such as chemists, physicists, engineers, computer programmers, etc.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • the services of engineers and scientists who undertake evaluations, estimates, research and reports in the scientific and technological fields (including technological consultancy);
  • computer and technology services for securing computer data and personal and financial information and for the detection of unauthorized access to data and information;
  • scientific research services for medical purposes.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • business research and evaluations (Cl. 35);
  • word processing and computer file management services (Cl. 35);
  • financial and fiscal evaluations (Cl. 36);
  • mining and oil extraction (Cl. 37);
  • computer (hardware) installation and repair services (Cl. 37);
  • services provided by the members of professions such as medical doctors, veterinary surgeons, psychoanalysts (Cl. 44);
  • medical treatment services (Cl. 44);
  • garden design (Cl. 44);
  • legal services (Cl. 45).

Cordage and fibers

Class 22 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes ropes and string; nets; tents and tarpaulins; awnings of textile or synthetic materials; sails; sacks for the transport and storage of materials in bulk; padding, cushioning and stuffing materials, except of paper, cardboard, rubber or plastics; raw fibrous textile materials and substitutes therefor.

Explanatory Note

Class 22 includes mainly canvas and other materials for making sails, rope, padding, cushioning and stuffing materials and raw fibrous textile materials.

Cosmetics and cleaning preparations

Class 3 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes Non-medicated cosmetics and toiletry preparations; non-medicated dentifrices; perfumery, essential oils; bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations.

Explanatory Note

Class 3 includes mainly non-medicated toiletry preparations, as well as cleaning preparations for use in the home and other environments.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • sanitary preparations being toiletries;
  • tissues impregnated with cosmetic lotions;
  • deodorants for human beings or for animals;
  • room fragrancing preparations;
  • nail art stickers;
  • polishing wax;
  • sandpaper.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • ingredients for use in the manufacture of cosmetics, for example, vitamins, preservatives and antioxidants (Cl. 1);
  • degreasing preparations for use in manufacturing processes (Cl. 1);
  • chemical chimney cleaners (Cl. 1);
  • deodorants, other than for human beings or for animals (Cl. 5);
  • medicated shampoos, soaps, lotions and dentifrices (Cl. 5);
  • emery boards, emery files, sharpening stones and grindstones (hand tools) (Cl. 8);
  • cosmetic and cleaning instruments, for example, make-up brushes (Cl. 21), cloths, pads and rags for cleaning (Cl. 21).

Education and entertainment

Class 41 for services under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.

Explanatory Note

Class 41 covers mainly services rendered by persons or institutions in the development of the mental faculties of persons or animals, as well as services intended to entertain or to engage the attention.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services consisting of all forms of education of persons or training of animals;
  • services having the basic aim of the entertainment, amusement or recreation of people;
  • presentation of works of visual art or literature to the public for cultural or educational purposes.

Electrical and scientific apparatus

Class 9 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; compact discs, DVDs and other digital recording media; mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment, computers; computer software; fire-extinguishing apparatus.

Fabrics

Class 24 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes textiles and substitutes for textiles; household linen; curtains of textile or plastic.

Explanatory Note

Class 24 includes mainly fabrics and fabric covers for household use.

Fancy goods

Class 26 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers; hair decorations; false hair.

Explanatory Note

Class 26 includes mainly dressmakers’ articles, natural or synthetic hair for wear, and hair adornments, as well as small decorative items intended to adorn a variety of objects, not included in other classes.

Floor coverings

Class 27 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings (non-textile).

Explanatory Note

Class 27 includes mainly products intended to be added as furnishings to previously constructed floors and walls.

Furniture and articles not otherwise classified

Class 20 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes furniture, mirrors, picture frames; containers, not of metal, for storage or transport; unworked or semi-worked bone, horn, whalebone or mother-of-pearl; shells; meerschaum; yellow amber.

Explanatory Note

Class 20 includes mainly furniture and parts therefor, as well as certain goods made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastic.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • metal furniture, furniture for camping, gun racks, newspaper display stands;
  • indoor window blinds and shades;
  • bedding, for example, mattresses, bed bases, pillows;
  • looking glasses, furniture and toilet mirrors;
  • registration plates, not of metal;
  • small items of non-metallic hardware, for example, bolts, screws, dowels, furniture casters, collars for fastening pipes;
  • letter boxes, not of metal or masonry.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • special furniture for laboratories (Cl. 9) or for medical use (Cl. 10);
  • outdoor blinds of metal (Cl. 6), not of metal and not of textile (Cl. 19), of textile (Cl. 22);
  • bed linen, eiderdowns and sleeping bags (Cl. 24);
  • certain mirrors for specific uses, for example, mirrors used in optical goods (Cl. 9), mirrors used in surgery or dentistry (Cl. 10), rearview mirrors (Cl. 12), sighting mirrors for guns (Cl. 13);
  • certain goods made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastic, that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, beads for making jewellery (Cl. 14), wooden floor boards (Cl. 19), baskets for domestic use (Cl. 21), plastic cups (Cl. 21), reed mats (Cl. 27).

Hand tools

Class 8 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes hand tools and implements, hand-operated; cutlery; side arms, except firearms; razors.

Explanatory Note

Class 8 includes mainly hand-operated tools and implements for performing tasks, such as drilling, shaping, cutting and piercing.

Hotels and restaurants

Class 43 for services under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation.

Explanatory Note

Class 43 includes mainly services provided by persons or establishments whose aim is to prepare food and drink for consumption and services provided to obtain bed and board in hotels, boarding houses or other establishments providing temporary accommodation.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • reservation services for travellers’ accommodation, particularly through travel agencies or brokers;
  • boarding for animals.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • rental services for real estate such as houses, flats, etc., for permanent use (Cl. 36);
  • arranging travel by tourist agencies (Cl. 39);
  • preservation services for food and drink (Cl. 40);
  • discotheque services (Cl. 41);
  • boarding schools (Cl. 41);
  • rest and convalescent homes (Cl. 44)

Housewares and glass

Class 21 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes household or kitchen utensils and containers; cookware and tableware, except forks, knives and spoons; combs and sponges; brushes, except paintbrushes; brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; unworked or semi-worked glass, except building glass; glassware, porcelain and earthenware.

Explanatory Note

Class 21 includes mainly small, hand-operated utensils and apparatus for household and kitchen use, as well as cosmetic and toilet utensils, glassware and certain goods made of porcelain, ceramic, earthenware, terra-cotta or glass.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • household and kitchen utensils, for example, fly swatters, clothes-pegs, mixing spoons, basting spoons and corkscrews, as well as serving utensils, for example, sugar tongs, ice tongs, pie servers and serving ladles;
  • household, kitchen and cooking containers, for example, vases, bottles, piggy banks, pails, cocktail shakers, cooking pots and pans, and non-electric kettles and pressure cookers;
  • small hand-operated kitchen apparatus for mincing, grinding, pressing or crushing, for example, garlic presses, nutcrackers, pestles and mortars;
  • dish stands and decanter stands;
  • cosmetic and toilet utensils, for example, electric and non-electric combs and toothbrushes, dental floss, foam toe separators for use in pedicures, powder puffs, fitted vanity cases;
  • gardening articles, for example, gardening gloves, window-boxes, watering cans and nozzles for watering hose;
  • indoor aquaria, terrariums and vivariums.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • cleaning preparations (Cl. 3);
  • containers for storage and transport of goods, of metal (Cl. 6), not of metal (Cl. 20);
  • small apparatus for mincing, grinding, pressing or crushing, which are driven by electricity (Cl. 7);
  • razors and shaving apparatus, hair and nail clippers, electric and non-electric implements for manicure and pedicure, for example, manicure sets, emery boards, cuticle nippers (Cl. 8);
  • table cutlery (Cl. 8) and hand-operated cutting tools for kitchen use, for example, vegetable shredders, pizza cutters, cheese slicers (Cl. 8);
  • lice combs, tongue scrapers (Cl. 10);
  • cooking utensils, electric (Cl. 11);
  • toilet mirrors (Cl. 20);
  • certain goods made of glass, porcelain and earthenware that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, porcelain for dental prostheses (Cl. 5), spectacle lenses (Cl. 9), glass wool for insulation (Cl. 17), earthenware tiles (Cl. 19), building glass (Cl. 19), glass fibres for textile use (Cl. 22).

Jewelry

Class 14 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes precious metals and their alloys; jewellery, precious and semi-precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments.

Explanatory Note

Class 14 includes mainly precious metals and certain goods made of precious metals or coated therewith, as well as jewellery, clocks and watches, and component parts therefor.

Leather goods

Class 18 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes leather and imitations of leather; animal skins and hides; luggage and carrying bags; umbrellas and parasols; walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery; collars, leashes and clothing for animals.

Explanatory Note

Class 18 includes mainly leather, imitations of leather and certain goods made of those materials.

Light beverages

Class 32 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes beers; mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic beverages; fruit beverages and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.

Explanatory Note

Class 32 includes mainly non-alcoholic beverages, as well as beer.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • de-alcoholised beverages.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • beverages for medical purposes (Cl. 5);
  • milk beverages (milk predominating) (Cl. 29);
  • beverages with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea base (Cl. 30).

Lubricants and fuels

Class 4 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes industrial oils and greases, wax; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting.

Explanatory Note

Class 4 includes mainly industrial oils and greases, fuels and illuminants.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • oils for the preservation of masonry or of leather;
  • raw wax, industrial wax;
  • electrical energy;
  • motor fuels, biofuels;
  • non-chemical additives for fuels;
  • wood for use as fuel.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • certain special industrial oils and greases, for example, oils for tanning leather (Cl. 1), oils for the preservation of wood, anti-rust oils and greases (Cl. 2), essential oils (Cl. 3);
  • massage candles for cosmetic purposes (Cl. 3) and medicated massage candles (Cl. 5);
  • certain special waxes, for example, grafting wax for trees (Cl. 1), tailors’ wax, polishing wax, depilatory wax (Cl. 3), dental wax (Cl. 5), sealing wax (Cl. 16).

Machinery

Class 7 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes machines, machine tools, power-operated tools; motors and engines, except for land vehicles; machine coupling and transmission components, except for land vehicles; agricultural implements, other than hand-operated hand tools; incubators for eggs; automatic vending machines.

Explanatory Note

Class 7 includes mainly machines and machine tools, motors and engines.

Meats and processed foods

Class 29 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs; milk and milk products; oils and fats for food.

Explanatory Note

Class 29 includes mainly foodstuffs of animal origin as well as vegetables and other horticultural comestible products which are prepared for consumption or conservation.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • milk beverages (milk predominating);
  • seeds prepared for human consumption, not being seasonings or flavourings.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • certain foodstuffs of plant origin (consult the Alphabetical List of Goods);
  • baby food (Cl. 5);
  • dietetic food and substances adapted for medical use (Cl. 5);
  • dietary supplements (Cl. 5);
  • processed seeds for use as a seasoning (Cl. 30);
  • salad dressings (Cl. 30);
  • fertilised eggs for hatching (Cl. 31);
  • foodstuffs for animals (Cl. 31);
  • live animals (Cl. 31);
  • seeds for planting (Cl. 31).

Medical apparatus

Class 10 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments; artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopaedic articles; suture materials; therapeutic and assistive devices adapted for the disabled; massage apparatus; apparatus, devices and articles for nursing infants; sexual activity apparatus, devices and articles.

Explanatory Note

Class 10 includes mainly surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus, instruments and articles generally used for the diagnosis, treatment or improvement of function or condition of persons and animals.

Medical, beauty and agricultural

Class 44 for services under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services.

Explanatory Note

Class 44 includes mainly medical care, hygienic and beauty care given by persons or establishments to human beings and animals; it also includes services relating to the fields of agriculture, horticulture and forestry.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • medical analysis services relating to the treatment of persons (such as x-ray examinations and taking of blood samples);
  • artificial insemination services;
  • pharmacy advice;
  • animal breeding;
  • services relating to the growing of plants such as gardening;
  • services relating to floral art such as floral compositions as well as garden design.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • vermin exterminating, other than for agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and forestry (Cl. 37);
  • installation and repair services for irrigation systems (Cl. 37);
  • ambulance transport (Cl. 39);
  • animal slaughtering services and taxidermy (Cl. 40);
  • timber felling and processing (Cl. 40);
  • animal training services (Cl. 41);
  • health clubs for physical exercise (Cl. 41);
  • scientific research services for medical purposes (Cl. 42);
  • boarding for animals (Cl. 43);
  • retirement homes (Cl. 43).

Metal goods

Class 6 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes common metals and their alloys, ores; metal materials for building and construction; transportable buildings of metal; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; small items of metal hardware; metal containers for storage or transport; safes.

Explanatory Note

Class 6 includes mainly unwrought and partly wrought common metals, including ores, as well as certain goods made of common metals.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • metals in foil or powder form for further processing, for example, for 3D printers;
  • metal building materials, for example, materials of metal for railway tracks, pipes and tubes of metal;
  • small items of metal hardware, for example, bolts, screws, nails, furniture casters, window fasteners;
  • transportable buildings or structures of metal, for example, prefabricated houses, swimming pools, cages for wild animals, skating rinks;
  • certain goods made of common metals not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for example, all-purpose boxes of common metal, statues, busts and works of art of common metal.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • metals and ores used as chemicals in industry or scientific research for their chemical properties, for example, bauxite, mercury, antimony, alkaline and alkaline-earth metals (Cl. 1);
  • metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art (Cl. 2);
  • electric cables (Cl. 9) and non-electric cables and ropes, not of metal (Cl. 22);
  • pipes being parts of sanitary installations (Cl. 11), flexible pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal (Cl. 17) and rigid pipes, not of metal (Cl. 19);
  • cages for household pets (Cl. 21);
  • certain goods made of common metals that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, hand tools, hand operated (Cl. 8), paper clips (Cl. 16), furniture (Cl. 20), kitchen utensils (Cl. 21), household containers (Cl. 21)

Natural agricultural products

Class 31 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes raw and unprocessed agricultural, aquacultural, horticultural and forestry products; raw and unprocessed grains and seeds; fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs;natural plants and flowers; bulbs, seedlings and seeds for planting; live animals; foodstuffs and beverages for animals; malt.

Explanatory Note

Class 31 includes mainly land and sea products not having been subjected to any form of preparation for consumption, live animals and plants, as well as food­stuffs for animals.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • unprocessed cereals;
  • fresh fruits and vegetables, even after washing or waxing;
  • plant residue;
  • unprocessed algae;
  • unsawn timber;
  • fertilized eggs for hatching;
  • fresh mushrooms and truffles;
  • litter for animals, for example, aromatic sand, sanded paper for pets.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • cultures of micro-organisms and leeches for medical purposes (Cl. 5);
  • dietary supplements for animals and medicated animal feed (Cl. 5);
  • semi-worked woods (Cl. 19);
  • artificial fishing bait (Cl. 28);
  • rice (Cl. 30);
  • tobacco (Cl. 34).

Paints

Class 2 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; dyes; inks for printing, marking and engraving; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art.

Explanatory Note

Class 2 includes mainly paints, colorants and preparations used for protection against corrosion.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • paints, varnishes and lacquers for industry, handicrafts and arts;
  • thinners, thickeners, fixatives and siccatives for paints, varnishes and lacquers;
  • mordants for wood and leather;
  • anti-rust oils and oils for the preservation of wood;
  • dyestuffs for clothing;
  • colorants for foodstuffs and beverages.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • unprocessed artificial resins (Cl. 1), semi-processed resins (Cl. 17);
  • mordants for metals (Cl. 1);
  • laundry blueing (Cl. 3);
  • cosmetic dyes (Cl. 3);
  • paint boxes (articles for use in school) (Cl. 16);
  • inks for stationery purposes (Cl. 16);
  • insulating paints and varnishes (Cl. 17).

Paper goods and printed matter

Class 16 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes paper and cardboard; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery and office requisites, except furniture; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; drawing materials and materials for artists; paintbrushes; instructional and teaching materials; plastic sheets, films and bags for wrapping and packaging; printers’ type, printing blocks.

Explanatory Note

Class 16 includes mainly paper, cardboard and certain goods made of those materials, as well as office requisites.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • paper knives and paper cutters;
  • cases, covers and devices for holding or securing paper, for example, document files, money clips, holders for cheque books, paper-clips, passport holders, scrapbooks;
  • certain office machines, for example, typewriters, duplicators, franking machines for office use, pencil sharpeners;
  • painting articles for use by artists and interior and exterior painters, for example, artists’ watercolour saucers, painters’ easels and palettes, paint rollers and trays;
  • certain disposable paper products, for example, bibs, handkerchiefs and table linen of paper;
  • certain goods made of paper or cardboard not otherwise classified by function or purpose, for example, paper bags, envelopes and containers for packaging, statues, figurines and works of art of paper or cardboard, such as figurines of papier mâché, framed or unframed lithographs, paintings and watercolours.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • paints (Cl. 2);
  • hand tools for artists, for example, spatulas, sculptors’ chisels (Cl. 8);
  • teaching apparatus, for example, audiovisual teaching apparatus, resuscitation mannequins (Cl. 9), and toy models (Cl. 28);
  • certain goods made of paper or cardboard that are classified according to their function or purpose, for example, photographic paper (Cl. 1), abrasive paper (Cl. 3), paper blinds (Cl. 20), table cups and plates of paper (Cl. 21), bed linen of paper (Cl. 24), paper clothing (Cl. 25), cigarette paper (Cl. 34).

Personal and legal

Class 45 for services under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes legal services; security services for the physical protection of tangible property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.

Explanatory Note

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services rendered by lawyers, legal assistants, and personal advocates, to individuals, groups of individuals, organizations and enterprises;
  • investigation and surveillance services relating to the physical safety of persons and security of tangible property;
  • services provided to individuals in relation with social events, such as social escort services, matrimonial agencies, funeral services.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • professional services giving direct aid in the operations or functions of a commercial undertaking (Cl. 35);
  • services relating to financial or monetary affairs and services dealing with insurance (Cl. 36);
  • escorting of travellers (Cl. 39);
  • security transport (Cl. 39);
  • services consisting of all forms of education of persons (Cl. 41);
  • performances of singers or dancers (Cl. 41);
  • computer programming services for the protection of software (Cl. 42);
  • computer and internet security consultancy and data encryption services (Cl. 42);
  • services provided by others to give medical, hygienic or beauty care for human beings or animals (Cl. 44);
  • certain rental services.

Pharmaceuticals

Class 5 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary use, food for babies; dietary supplements for humans and animals; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides.

Explanatory Note

Class 5 includes mainly pharmaceuticals and other preparations for medical or veterinary purposes.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • sanitary preparations for personal hygiene, other than toiletries;
  • diapers for babies and for incontinence;
  • deodorants other than for human beings or for animals;
  • medicated shampoos, soaps, lotions and dentifrices;
  • dietary supplements intended to supplement a normal diet or to have health benefits;
  • meal replacements and dietetic food and beverages adapted for medical or veterinary use.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • ingredients for use in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, for example, vitamins, preservatives and antioxidants (Cl. 1);
  • sanitary preparations being non-medicated toiletries (Cl. 3);
  • deodorants for human beings or for animals (Cl. 3);
  • supportive bandages (Cl. 10);
  • meal replacements and dietetic food and beverages not specified as being for medical or veterinary use, which should be classified in the appropriate food or beverage classes, for example, low-fat potato crisps (Cl. 29), high-protein cereal bars (Cl. 30), isotonic beverages (Cl. 32).

Rubber goods

Class 17 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and substitutes for all these materials; plastics and resins in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal.

Explanatory Note

Class 17 includes mainly electrical, thermal and acoustic insulating materials and plastics for use in manufacture in the form of sheets, blocks and rods, as well as certain goods made of rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica or substitutes therefor.

Smokers’ articles

Class 34 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes tobacco; smokers’ articles; matches.

Explanatory Note

This Class includes, in particular:

  • tobacco substitutes (not for medical purposes).

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • cigarettes without tobacco, for medical purposes

Staple foods

Class 30 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee; rice; tapioca and sago; flour and preparations made from cereals; bread, pastries and confectionery; edible ices; sugar, honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt; mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice (frozen water).

Explanatory Note

Class 30 includes mainly foodstuffs of plant origin prepared for consumption or conservation as well as auxiliaries intended for the improvement of the flavour of food.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • beverages with coffee, cocoa, chocolate or tea base;
  • cereals prepared for human consumption (for example, oat flakes and those made of other cereals).

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • certain foodstuffs of plant origin;
  • salt for preserving other than for foodstuffs (Cl. 1);
  • medicinal teas and dietetic food and substances adapted for medical use (Cl. 5);
  • baby food (Cl. 5);
  • dietary supplements (Cl. 5);
  • yeast for pharmaceutical purposes (Cl. 5), yeast for animal consumption (Cl. 31);
  • raw cereals (Cl. 31);
  • foodstuffs for animals (Cl. 31).

Telecommunications

Class 38 for services under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes telecommunications.

Explanatory Note

Class 38 includes mainly services allowing at least one person to communicate with another by a sensory means. Such services include those which:

(1) allow one person to talk to another,

(2) transmit messages from one person to another, and

(3) place a person in oral or visual communication with another (radio and television).

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services which consist essentially of the diffusion of radio or television programmes.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • radio advertising services (Cl. 35);
  • telephone marketing (telemarketing) services (Cl. 35).

Toys and sporting goods

Class 28 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes games, toys and playthings; video game apparatus; gymnastic and sporting articles; decorations for Christmas trees.

Explanatory Note

Class 28 includes mainly toys, apparatus for playing games, sports equipment, amusement and novelty items, as well as certain articles for Christmas trees.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • certain gymnastic and sporting articles, for example, protective helmets, goggles and mouthguards for sports (Cl. 9), sporting firearms (Cl. 13), gymnasium mats (Cl. 27), as well as certain fishing and hunting equipment, for example, hunting knives, harpoons (Cl. 8), hunting firearms (Cl. 13), fishing nets (Cl. 22), that are classified according to other functions or purposes.

Transportation and storage

Class 39 for services under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.

Explanatory Note

Class 39 includes mainly services for the transport of people, animals or goods from one place to another (by rail, road, water, air or pipeline) and services necessarily connected with such transport, as well as services relating to the storing of goods in a warehouse or other building for their preservation or guarding.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services rendered by companies exploiting stations, bridges, rail-road ferries, etc., used by the transporter;
  • services connected with the hiring of transport vehicles;
  • services connected with maritime tugs, unloading, the functioning of ports and docks and the salvaging of wrecked ships and their cargoes;
  • services connected with the packaging and parcelling of goods before dispatch;
  • services consisting of information about journeys or the transport of goods by brokers and tourist agencies, information relating to tariffs, timetables and methods of transport;
  • services relating to the inspection of vehicles or goods before transport.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • services relating to advertising transport undertakings such as the distribution of prospectuses or advertising on the radio (Cl. 35);
  • services relating to the issuing of travellers’ cheques or letters of credit by brokers or travel agents (Cl. 36);
  • services relating to insurances (commercial, fire or life) during the transport of persons or goods (Cl. 36);
  • services rendered by the maintenance and repair of vehicles, nor the maintenance or repair of objects connected with the transport of persons or goods (Cl. 37);
  • services relating to reservation of rooms in a hotel by travel agents or brokers (Cl. 43).

Treatment of materials

Class 40 for services under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes treatment of materials.

Explanatory Note

Class 40 includes mainly services not included in other classes, rendered by the mechanical or chemical processing, transformation or production of objects or inorganic or organic substances, including custom manufacturing services. For the purposes of classification, the production or manufacturing of goods is considered a service only in cases where it is effected for the account of another person to their order and specification. If the production or manufacturing is not being performed to fulfil an order for goods which meet the customer’s particular needs, requirements, or specifications, then it is generally ancillary to the maker’s primary commercial activity or goods in trade. If the substance or object is marketed to third parties by the person who processed, transformed or produced it, then this would generally not be considered a service.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • services relating to transformation of an object or substance and any process involving a change in its essential properties (for example, dyeing a garment);
  • consequently, a maintenance service, although usually in Class 37, is included in Class 40 if it entails such a change (for example, the chroming of motor vehicle bumpers);

  • services of material treatment which may be present during the production of any substance or object other than a building; for example, services which involve cutting, shaping, polishing by abrasion or metal coating;
  • the custom manufacturing of goods to the order and specification of others (bearing in mind that certain offices require that the goods produced be indicated), for example, custom manufacturing of automobiles.

This Class does not include, in particular:

  • repair services (Cl. 37);
  • certain customization services, for example, the custom painting of automobiles (Cl. 37).

Vehicles

Class 12 for goods under the International Classification of Goods and Services.

This class includes vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water.

Explanatory Note

Class 12 includes mainly vehicles and apparatus for the transport of people or goods by land, air or water.